Spot-billed Pelican (Pelecanus philippensis)

Interesting :

The male and the female have the same characteristics but the male has larger size than the female. The length is approximately 140 centimeters. The mouth is long and flat. There is a light purple water sac under the neck. The upper part of the mouth edge has dark blue spots placing in a row. Its leg is short with brown color and has tissues sticking its four fingers together which use for swimming. While flying, it will shrink its neck and lay its head on the shoulder. Feathers on the body are light grey and the area above the eye is white.

Habitat :

In Thailand, it can be found in the large water source area, and the seaside of the Central and the South. Besides, it can be found in Indopacific, India, Myanmar, Indochina, and Java.

Food :

The food is fish, and the amphibian which lives in the large water source area.

Behavior :

Lives together in a troop both during seeking for the food and building the nest. While seeking for the food, it will use the sac under its neck as the net to scoop the fish into its neck.The Pelican builds the nest together as a troop on the tree. It lays 1 to 5 eggs each time and the incubation period is approximately 30 days. Both male and female will take turn to do such duty.

Current Status :

Nearly becomes extinct. It is categorized as a protected wild animal according to Wild Animals Preservation and Protection Act B.E. 2535

Size and weight :

The Pelican is the large sized water bird.

Point of view :


Update : 11 April 2017